The ultimate guide for build (Updated 2018)
The Ultimate Guide
What is “Build”?
Build is a wide term which falls into a few categories like engineering, construction, software. Engineering deals with science, mathematical methods to build structures, machines, materials, devices, processes and organizations. Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure. Whereas building software is an end-to-end process that involves many distinct functions like version control, code quality and compilation.
What is needed to build?
A design is needed to build any type of idea. If you ask what is design then the answer: Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction.
If we have a design we are working off we need to acquire material or resources. Materials would differ from project to project and from field to field.
If we are building a gearbox, we need material to cut gears and shaft. We need sheet metal to build it’s outer enclosure. We need o-rings, seals, bolts washers to connect parts. We need paint to give a nice look and protective layout. And continues…
If we are building a house, we need bricks, timber beam and columns, steel beams and columns, bolts, anchors, paint, truss and many more…
But if we are building a program or a software much less resources are required. In the programming stage we only need a software to write the program. It is mostly based on the designer-engineer’s capabilities.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation. There are a lot of different manufacturing methods used in the market. If we name some of them: fabrication, machining, casting, injection moulding …
Who is a Manufacturing Engineer?
“Worldwide, manufacturing companies are undergoing dramatic change. The combination of new technology, customer expectations and global competition is forcing new approaches to automation, factory design and manufacturing systems.
As the pace of change accelerates, it creates demand for trained manufacturing engineers who can strategically apply new technologies and modes of manufacturing in industry.
Manufacturing companies already use computerized information systems, but there is a need to achieve true systems integration through the adoption of ‘whole enterprise’ modelling approaches. Production machines and processes are increasingly under computer/microprocessor control and this requires more sophisticated approaches to maintenance management.”
What is Manufacturing Equipment?
Manufacturing equipment are the tools, machines, fixtures companies use to build products or services. Depending on the process correct equipment is selected by the engineer. If we are going to take material off from a part we need to put it onto a milling machine. If we are going to bend a sheet metal we need to use a press brake. Use of wrong equipment may lead to loss of parts and even more than that people may get injured.
Some of the manufacturing machines are: Broaching machine, drill, lathe, milling machine, guillotine, saw, grinding machine, laser-cut machine, turret punch, water-jet cutting machine, oxy cut and many more. Although these are standard machines available in the market, some companies build custom machines for specific purposes. Here at Invetive we also provide custom machine design services.
Lean Manufacturing explained
Lean manufacturing is to minimize waste without sacrificing from the quality of the manufactured product. Toyota company developed this manufacturing principle in 1990s. “This production control system has been established based on many years of continuous improvements, with the objective of “making the vehicles ordered by customers in the quickest and most efficient way, in order to deliver the vehicles as quickly as possible.”
In lean manufacturing there are 7 waste points that need to be worked on in each process:
1.Transport (moving unnecessary products)
2.Inventory (products that are not actually processed)
3.Motion (people or equipment moving around without performing any duty)
4.Waiting (delays between manufacturing processes)
5.Overproduction (producing more than the demand)
6.Over-processing (extra processing caused by poor tool and design)
7.Defects (fix-ups during or after manufacturing processes)
Therefore a plan is required to prioritize and order manufacturing processes. The best practice is to order the equipment and labour in such a way that waste in production is avoided. Industrial engineers work hard to design processes according to these principles.
One of the most important steps in manufacturing process is coating. Coating differs from application to application. Functions of coating changes the attributes of the product. If it is a cooking pan, a PTFE is coated on it to make it non-stick. If it is a sunglasses that we are manufacturing, an anti-reflective coating is applied as well as tinting along with UV absorbent coating.
Regardless of the application the purpose of the coating is to protect the life of the product and give benefit to the user. There are protective coatings adding waterproofing, sealing, wear resistance, anti-corrosion, fire protection etc.
Electrical, Electronics & Hydraulics
Mechanical parts need power to move to perform tasks that we want. We need to supply this power from using 3 main processes. Electrics, electronics and hydraulics need to be utilized to achieve an output from the product.
Electrical design deals with attaching the product to a power source so when the electricity is applied motion output is received. Electronics helps us to control that movement with various types of devices and components. On the other hand hydraulics is used to control the movement of a product using pressurized liquids.
We need to tell to the product what to do. Programming languages have been constructed so machines, circuits, computers understand our requests. There are many different programming languages and methods. Depending on the application programmers choose the best method.
In essence, to build is to convert the raw material into a working product which people benefit. At Invetive we have many services related to build. We acquire material as per the requirements, we manufacture-coat, apply electrics-electronics-hydraulics and program. We help you to transform your ideas into reality to build your future by bringing design-build-maintain-market processes together. Thus having a benefit and impact on the whole world.
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